The 211th Infantry Regiment is the Regional Training Institute of Florida. a branch of an army composed of such soldiers.  Infantry typically have shared equipment on top of this, like tents or heavy weapons, where the carrying burden is spread across several infantrymen. A subcategory of attacks is the ambush, where infantrymen lie in wait for enemy forces before attacking at a vulnerable moment. Combat loads of over 36 kg (80 lbs) are standard, and greater loads in excess of 45 kg (100 lbs) are very common. Infantry is a military specialization that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored forces. Combat support units (a majority of the military) are not as well armed or trained as infantry units and have a different mission. Effective defence relies on minimising losses to enemy fire, breaking the enemy's cohesion before their advance is completed, and preventing enemy penetration of defensive positions. Infantry units are trained to quickly mobilise, infiltrate, enter and neutralise threat forces when appropriate combat intelligence indicates to secure a location, rescue or capture high-profile targets. As with grenadiers, the dragoon and cavalry designations can be retained long after their horses, such as in the Royal Dragoon Guards, Royal Lancers, and King's Royal Hussars. Infantrymen live, fight and die outdoors in all types of brutal climates, often with no physical shelter. They also perform other tasks, including land warfare, separate from naval operations. In the modern US Army, about 15% of soldiers are officially Infantry. Regiment, in most armies, a body of troops headed by a colonel and organized for tactical control into companies, battalions, or squadrons. ‘The infantry battle was finely balanced, both sides fighting bravely hand-to-hand.’ ‘Tanks attacked first with infantry literally in tow as many tanks pulled along infantry soldiers on sledges.’ ‘The force now included around a battalion of infantry as well as a squadron of military engineers.’ Regiment definition is - a military unit consisting usually of a number of battalions. The 369th Infantry Regiment, formerly the 15th New York National Guard Regiment, was an infantry regiment of the United States Army that saw action in World War I and World War II.  Infantry can more easily recognise, adapt and respond to local conditions, weather, and changing enemy weapons or tactics. Modern developments in bullet-proof composite materials like kevlar have started a return to body armour for infantry, though the extra weight is a notable burden. Intense discipline and training became paramount. Traditionally, infantry have relied on their own legs for mobility, but mechanised or armoured infantry often uses trucks and armoured vehicles for transport. Health, energy, and morale are greatly influenced by how the soldier is fed, so militaries often standardised field rations, starting from hardtack, to US K-rations, to modern MREs. When combat is expected, infantry typically switch to "packing light", meaning reducing their equipment to weapons, ammo, and bare essentials, and leaving the rest with their transport or baggage train, at camp or rally point, in temporary hidden caches, or even (in emergencies) discarding whatever may slow them down. 3.1, Learn how and when to remove this template message, All-purpose Lightweight Individual Carrying Equipment, Royal Australian Air Force Airfield Defence Guards, Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) defence, "Analysis of Infantry Situation Awareness Training Requirements", "Infantry leaders sharpen training tactics to meet battlefield demands", "The evolution of lethal intergroup violence", "Remaking the Wheel: Evolution of the Chariot", "Military kit through the ages: from the Battle of Hastings to Helmand", "Weight Of War: Soldiers' Heavy Gear Packs On Pain", "U.S. Army Medical Department Center & School Portal", Web Version of U.S. Army Field Manual 3-21.8, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Infantry&oldid=995814627, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2017, Articles needing additional references from June 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Historic films and photos showing Infantries in World War I at, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 01:05. They can be augmented with a variety of crew-served weapons, armoured personnel carriers, and infantry fighting vehicles.  These heavy loads, combined with long foot patrols of over 40 km (25 mi) a day, in any climate from 43 to −29 °C (109 to −20 °F) in temperature, require the infantryman to be in good physical and mental condition. A unit, such as a regiment, of such soldiers: Company B of the 7th Infantry. Dragoons were created as mounted infantry, with horses for travel between battles; they were still considered infantry since they dismounted before combat. Before the adoption of the chariot to create the first mobile fighting forces c. 2000 BC, all armies were pure infantry. Additionally, soldiers can be rested and general readiness should improve. Also known as foot soldiers or infantrymen, infantry traditionally relies on moving by foot between combats as well, but may also use mounts, military vehicles, or other transport. These fulfilled the central battlefield role of earlier heavy infantry, using ranged weapons instead of melee weapons. They can operate in a wide range of terrain inaccessible to military vehicles, and can operate with a lower logistical burden. Similarly, a shield has decent defence abilities, but is literally hit-or-miss; an attack from an unexpected angle can bypass it completely. , Some infantry units are considered Special Forces. Civilian and military casualties both are usually very high. In this capacity, infantry essentially conducts patrol on the move, scouring terrain which may hide enemy infantry waiting to ambush friendly vehicles, and identifying enemy strong points for attack by the heavier units. derives from the Battle of Chippawa, in which British Major General Phineas Riall noticed that the approaching regiment had on the uniforms of militia, which the British had defeated at Queenston Heights. The training of the infantry has differed drastically over time and from place to place. The earliest Special Forces commando units were more highly trained infantrymen, with special weapons, equipment, and missions. It is a highly dangerous and demanding combat service; in World War II, military doctors concluded that even physically unwounded soldiers were psychologically worn out after about 200 days of combat. The introduction of national and mass armies saw an establishment of minimum requirements and the introduction of special troops (first of them the engineers going back to medieval times, but also different kinds of infantry adopted to specific terrain, bicycle, motorcycle, motorised and mechanised troops) culminating with the introduction of highly trained special forces during the first and second World War. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Its role and size varies markedly, depending on the country, service and/or a specialisation. This can be avoided when each spearman stays side by side with the others in close formation, each covering the ones next to him, presenting a solid wall of spears to the enemy that they cannot get around. ‘The six Scottish infantry regiments currently have a complement of 2,874 soldiers, which is 386 under strength.’ ‘Without delay he joined a Bavarian infantry regiment and served at the front as a message runner.’ ‘Steele also hopes to persuade young Scots now living in London to think of joining a Scottish regiment.’ In medieval times the foot soldiers varied from peasant levies to semi-permanent companies of mercenaries, foremost among them the Swiss, English, Aragonese and German, to men-at-arms who went into battle as well-armoured as knights, the latter of which at times also fought on foot. What is the meaning of Inf abbreviation? The most basic is personal armour. Modern classifications of infantry have expanded to reflect modern equipment and tactics, such as motorised infantry, mechanised or armoured infantry, mountain infantry, marine infantry, and airborne infantry. See more. List page number 3 The 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment (505th PIR) is one of four infantry regiments of the 82nd Airborne Division of the United States Army. The 369th Infantry is known for being the first African-American regiment to serve with the American Expeditionary Force during World War I. Maintaining the advantages of heavy infantry meant maintaining formation; this became even more important when two forces with heavy infantry met in battle; the solidity of the formation became the deciding factor. These include, among others, Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) defence and training other airmen in basic ground defense tactics. , The physical, mental, and environmental operating demands of the infantryman are high. This also increased their shock combat effect; individual opponents saw themselves literally lined-up against several heavy infantryman each, with seemingly no chance of defeating all of them. Infantry make up a large portion of all armed forces in most nations, and typically bear the largest brunt in warfare, as measured by casualties, deprivation, or physical and psychological stress. Soldiers armed and trained to fight on foot: The general ordered his infantry to attack. This includes shields, helmets and many types of armour – padded linen, leather, lamellar, mail, plate, and kevlar. With the development of gunpowder, infantry began converting to primarily firearms. To support these lines, smaller infantry formations using dispersed skirmish lines were created, called light infantry, fulfilling the same multiple roles as earlier light infantry. The regiment has served abroad in World War I, World War II and Afghanistan. In English, use of the term infantry began about the 1570s, describing soldiers who march and fight on foot. The word derives from Middle French infanterie, from older Italian (also Spanish) infanteria (foot soldiers too inexperienced for cavalry), from Latin īnfāns (without speech, newborn, foolish), from which English also gets infant. Beyond their main arms and armour, each infantryman's "military kit" includes combat boots, battledress or combat uniform, camping gear, heavy weather gear, survival gear, secondary weapons and ammunition, weapon service and repair kits, health and hygiene items, mess kit, rations, filled water canteen, and all other consumables each infantryman needs for the expected duration of time operating away from their unit's base, plus any special mission-specific equipment. In antiquity, infantry were armed with an early melee weapon such as a spear, axe or sword, or an early ranged weapon like a javelin, sling, or bow, with a few infantrymen having both a melee and a ranged weapon. Towards the end of Middle Ages, this began to change, where more professional and better trained light infantry could be effective against knights, such as the English longbowmen in the Hundred Years' War. The branch of an army made up of units trained to fight on foot. Regiment definition, a unit of ground forces, consisting of two or more battalions or battle groups, a headquarters unit, and certain supporting units. 2nd … Infantry make up a large portion of all armed forces in most nations, and typically bear the largest brunt in warfare, as measured by casualties, deprivation, or physical and psychological stress.. Similarly, motorised infantry have trucks and other unarmed vehicles for non-combat movement, but are still infantry since they leave their vehicles for any combat. Historically, infantry have suffered high casualty rates from disease, exposure, exhaustion and privation — often in excess of the casualties suffered from enemy attacks. With armoured warfare, armoured fighting vehicles have replaced the horses of cavalry, and airpower has added a new dimension to ground combat, but infantry remains pivotal to all modern combined arms operations. This made the legions less dependent on the, Keeley, War Before Civilization, 1996, Oxford University Press, pg.45, Fig. Attack operations are the most basic role of the infantry, and along with defence, form the main stances of the infantry on the battlefield. Kushite king Taharqa enjoyed military success in the Near East as a result of his efforts to strengthen the army through daily training in long distance running.. The opponents for these first formations, the close-combat infantry of more tribal societies, or any military without regular infantry (so called "barbarians") used arms that focused on the individual – weapons using personal strength and force, such as larger swinging swords, axes, and clubs. Coats of arms of U.S. infantry regiments are heraldic emblems associated with infantry regiments in the US Army. The available technology, resources, history, and society can produce quite different weapons for each military and era, but common infantry weapons can be distinguished in a few basic categories. The ambushed unit does not know what it is up against, or where they are attacking from. 2. The objective of pursuit operations is the destruction of withdrawing enemy forces which are not capable of effectively engaging friendly units, before they can build their strength to the point where they are effective. Some well-equipped mechanised infantry can be designated as armoured infantry. Initially, armour was used to defend both from ranged and close combat; even a fairly light shield could help defend against most slings and javelins, though high-strength bows and crossbows might penetrate common armour at very close range. Communications gear has become a necessity, as it allows effective command of infantry units over greater distances, and communication with artillery and other support units. Beginning with the development the first regular military forces, close-combat regular infantry fought less as unorganised groups of individuals and more in coordinated units, maintaining a defined tactical formation during combat, for increased battlefield effectiveness; such infantry formations and the arms they used developed together, starting with the spear and the shield. These APCs can deliver infantrymen through the front lines to the battle and—in the case of infantry fighting vehicles—contribute supporting firepower to engage the enemy. To also increase their staying power, multiple rows of heavy infantrymen were added. Patrols consist of small groups of infantry moving about in areas of possible enemy activity to locate the enemy and destroy them when found. Successful attacks rely on sufficient force, preparative reconnaissance and battlefield preparation with bomb assets. In mechanised infantry the armoured personnel carrier (APC) is considered the assaulting position. infantry definition: 1. the part of an army that fights on foot: 2. the part of an army that fights on foot: 3…. Not to be confused … The increased use of firearms and the need for drill to handle them efficiently. 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment ⁕A number of battalions e.g. Under Army Regulation 840-10, each regiment and separate table of organization and equipment (TOE) battalion of the U.S. Army is authorized a coat of arms to be displayed on the organization's flag, called the "colors. Infantry with ranged or pole weapons often carried a sword or dagger for possible hand-to-hand combat. , Because of an infantryman's duties with firearms, explosives, physical and emotional stress, and physical violence, casualties and deaths are not uncommon in both war and in peacetime training or operations. The motto, "Regulars, By God!" Technological developments allowed the raising of large numbers of light infantry units armed with ranged weapons, without the years of training expected for traditional high-skilled archers and slingers.  Additional specialised equipment may be required, depending on the mission or to the particular terrain or environment, including satchel charges, demolition tools, mines, barbed wire, carried by the infantry or attached specialists. More commonly in modern times, infantry with special tactics are named for their roles, such as commandos, rangers, snipers, marines, (who all have additional training) and militia (who have limited training); they are still infantry due to their expectation to fight as infantry when they enter combat. Defence operations are the natural counter to attacks, in which the mission is to hold an objective and defeat enemy forces attempting to dislodge the defender. tries. To maximise their firepower, musketeer infantry were trained to fight in wide lines facing the enemy, creating line infantry. Surveillance operations are often carried out with the employment of small recon units or sniper teams which gather information about the enemy, reporting on characteristics such as size, activity, location, unit and equipment. soldiers trained, armed, and equipped to fight on foot; a branch of an army composed of these soldiers; an infantry regiment or division… See the full definition Heavy infantry, such as Greek hoplites, Macedonian phalangites, and Roman legionaries, specialised in dense, solid formations driving into the main enemy lines, using weight of numbers to achieve a decisive victory, and were usually equipped with heavier weapons and armour to fit their role. Pikemen armour tended to be just steel helmets and breastplates, and gunners little or no armour. The goal of an attack remains the same: to advance into an enemy-held objective, most frequently a hill, river crossing, city or other dominant terrain feature, and dislodge the enemy, thereby establishing control of the objective. These units may also entice the enemy to engage a located recon unit, thus disclosing their location to be destroyed by more powerful friendly forces. This is usually the best time for infantry units to integrate replacements into units and to maintain equipment. Learn more. . The 6th Infantry Regiment was formed 11 January 1812. Patrolling is the most common infantry mission. The cost of maintaining an army in fighting order and the seasonal nature of warfare precluded large permanent armies.  The individual-soldier term infantryman was not coined until 1837. Infantry units are tasked to protect certain areas like command posts or airbases. The modern rifleman infantry became the primary force for taking and holding ground on battlefields worldwide, a vital element of combined arms combat. However, the unit must be ready for deployment at any point.  Better infantry equipment to support their health, energy, and protect from environmental factors greatly reduces these rates of loss, and increase their level of effective action. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. With many places for the enemy to hide and ambush from, infantry units must be trained in how to enter a city, and systematically clear the buildings, which most likely will be booby trapped, in order to kill or capture enemy personnel within the city. The 4th Infantry Regiment was officially first constituted on 11 January 1812 in the Regular Army as the 14th Infantry. Given that infantry forces typically also have some tanks, and given that most armoured forces have more mechanised infantry units than tank units in their organisation, the distinction between mechanised infantry and armour forces has blurred. It was a part of the 26th Infantry Division and the 43rd Infantry Division. This started slowly, first with crossbowmen, then hand cannoneers and arquebusiers, each with increasing effectiveness, marking the beginning of early modern warfare, when firearms rendered the use of heavy infantry obsolete. Units assigned to this job usually have a large number of military police attached to them for control of checkpoints and prisons. This encourages searching for ingenious combinations of effective, rugged, serviceable and adaptable, yet light, compact, and handy infantry equipment. A regiment is a military unit. Modern infantry can have GPS, encrypted individual communications equipment, surveillance and night vision equipment, advanced intelligence and other high-tech mission-unique aids. Some non-weapon equipment are designed for close combat shock effects, to get and psychological edge before melee, such as battle flags, war drums, brilliant uniforms, fierce body paint or tattoos, and even battle cries. Disease epidemics, frostbite, heat stroke, trench foot, insect and wild animal bites are common along with stress disorders and these have sometimes caused more casualties than enemy action. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Infantry+Regiment, [1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French < Late Latin. Infantry equipped with special weapons were often named after that weapon, such as grenadiers for their grenades, or fusiliers for their fusils. Meaning of Regiment. The 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment is a light infantry battalion assigned to the 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division, garrisoned at Fort Drum, New York. The new, young soldiers of this new unit were dispatched to Harper’s Ferry before facing combat for the first time in … Heavy infantry developed into huge solid block formations, up to a hundred meters wide and a dozen rows deep. In modern times, infantrymen must also often carry protective measures against chemical and biological attack, including military gas masks, counter-agents, and protective suits. Of the original regiment, only the 1st Battalion remains as an active duty unit. Maneouvering consumes much of an infantry unit's time. It was an Army National Guard regiment from the states making up New England, but most of its soldiers came from Maine. "Foot soldier" redirects here. The infantry must maintain their cohesion and readiness during the move to ensure their usefulness when they reach their objective. tries. By the time of the musket, the dominance of firepower shifted militaries away from any close combat, and use of armour decreased, until infantry typically went without any armour. From the mid-18th century until 1881 the British Army named its infantry as numbered regiments "of Foot" to distinguish them from cavalry and dragoon regiments (see List of Regiments of Foot). Instead, the Americans … Infantry have employed many different methods of protection from enemy attacks, including various kinds of armour and other gear, and tactical procedures. It was this uncertainty as to its numbers and position that accounted for the man's presence in that lonely spot; he was a young officer of a Federal, Dodik repeated his stance to the EUFOR Commander that 'an initiative to wear the ceremonial uniforms of the RS Army on the Day of the Army of RS, by the Third, support has enabled us to lasting legacy to a unique and British, Lauding the sacrifices rendered by the soldiers of Northern Light, Cohassey, a professional musician and author, traces the experiences of the Michigan 22nd Volunteer, فوج کا وہ دستہ جس کا سپہ سالار کرنل ہوتا ہے. Care must be taken to differentiate innocent civilians who often hide and support the enemy from the non-uniformed armed enemy forces. In all, this can reach 25–45 kg (60–100 lb) for each soldier on the march. The 13th Infantry Regiment ("First at Vicksburg") is a United States Army infantry regiment whose battalions are currently tasked as basic training battalions. The 103rd Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment of the United States Army that served in combat in the American Civil War, World War I, and World War II. An infantryman's equipment is of vital concern both for the man and the military. Most modern infantry have vehicle transport, to the point where infantry being motorised is generally assumed, and the few exceptions might be identified as modern light infantry, or "leg infantry" colloquially. The battalion was previously assigned to the 3rd Brigade Combat Team at Fort Drum, … Urban combat poses unique challenges to the combat forces. Their headquarters was in Miami. Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment ⁕A battalion-equivalent, e.g. However, if light cavalry was lacking in an army, any available dragoons might be assigned their duties; this practise increased over time, and dragoons eventually received all the weapons and training as both infantry and cavalry, and could be classified as both. Traditionally, in an open battle, or meeting engagement, two armies would manoeuvre to contact, at which point they would form up their infantry and other units opposite each other. All of the combat necessities such as ammunition, weapon systems, food, water, clothing, and shelter are carried on the backs of the infantrymen, at least in light role as opposed to mounted/mechanised. They also have a number of other, specialist roles. The first warriors, adopting hunting weapons or improvised melee weapons, before the existence of any organised military, likely started essentially as loose groups without any organisation or formation. These have become mostly only ceremonial since the decline of close combat military tactics. Infantry armour had to compromise between protection and coverage, as a full suit of attack-proof armour would be too heavy to wear in combat. An example of an infantry is a group of Marine ground forces. The creation of standing armies—permanently assembled for war or defence—saw increase in training and experience. With the introduction of the heavy arquebus designed to pierce standard steel armour, it was proven easier to make heavier firearms than heavier armour; armour transitioned to be only for close combat purposes. Early crew-served weapons were siege weapons, like the ballista, trebuchet, and battering ram. The definition of an infantry is a unit of soldiers who move and fight on foot. Modern infantrymen now treat the bayonet as a backup weapon, but may also have handguns or pistols. Infantry Regiment synonyms, Infantry Regiment pronunciation, Infantry Regiment translation, English dictionary definition of Infantry Regiment. Light infantry, such as Greek peltasts, Balearic slingers, and Roman velites, using open formations and greater manoeuvrability, took on most other combat roles: scouting, screening the army on the march, skirmishing to delay, disrupt, or weaken the enemy to prepare for the main forces' battlefield attack, protecting them from flanking manoeuvers, and then afterwards either pursuing the fleeing enemy or covering their army's retreat. Any point block formations, up to a hundred meters wide and a dozen rows deep must taken., they need the protection of the 7th infantry lb ) for each soldier on the move engineering... Infantryman 's equipment is of vital concern both for the man and the seasonal nature of warfare precluded permanent!, English dictionary definition of infantry moving about in areas of possible enemy activity to locate the enemy, line! Where enemy infiltration a group of Marine ground forces: He sent three into! 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